The Best Gluten-free Brownies – Super Fudgy and Dairy-free

The best gluten-free brownies! So fudgy, gooey, and incredibly easy to make. If you’re looking for truly delicious gluten-free brownies, look no further. They can also be made with whole wheat for a non-GF version and are dairy-free, too.

  • The best gluten-free brownies! So fudgy, gooey, and incredibly easy to make. If you're looking for truly delicious gluten-free brownies, look no further. They can also be made with whole wheat for a non-GF version and they are dairy-free, too.
  • The best gluten-free brownies! So fudgy, gooey, and incredibly easy to make. If you're looking for truly delicious gluten-free brownies, look no further. They can also be made with whole wheat for a non-GF version and are dairy-free, too.

There are some bloggers who pretty much label every recipe of theirs as the best (The Best Cheesecake! The Best Chocolate Cake! The Best Everything!) which gets a mega eye roll from me, but here I am doing it.

I apologize for being a hypocrite but… yeah. I’m not changing my title. :D These really are the best brownies ever!

The Best Gluten-free Brownies (naturally sweetened, dairy-free, 100% whole grain). Can also be made with whole wheat flour!

Like the strawberry rhubarb crumble that I shared earlier in the week, this is also adapted from my book, which is coming out in only a few days (and which is already available on Amazon!)

The brownies in the book are with hazelnut and espresso and this is the stripped down version. Simple, quick, no-fuss, super fudgy gluten-free brownies. They’re also 100% whole grain!

I used gluten-free and whole grain teff flour in these brownies. Teff comes in different varieties like white / ivory or dark and it’s said that the dark kind is earthier tasting (read: it tastes like dirt, like buckwheat).

The Best Gluten-free Brownies (naturally sweetened, dairy-free, and 100% whole grain). Can also be made with whole wheat flour!

I’ve used both white and dark teff flour in these gluten and dairy-free brownies and you really can’t detect any difference – all that Dutch-process cocoa powder does a great job of covering up any earthy / healthy flavors!

I think teff isn’t the easiest flour to find but the dark kind is available on Amazon from Bob’s Red Mill. Many commenters have also used Bob’s Red Mill Gluten-Free 1-to-1 Baking Flour with success. That’s the one in the blue bag.

I’ve also made these brownies with buckwheat! You can use buckwheat in this recipe or check out my mint chocolate brownies for a minty, yet totally out of season version.

And because I know some people don’t need these to be gluten-free, I’ve also tried them with whole wheat and I’m assuming white whole wheat would work just as well.

The Best Gluten-free Brownies (naturally sweetened, dairy-free, 100% whole grain). Can also be made with whole wheat!

The cool thing is that all of the different versions taste the same. They’re all just as gooey and there’s no grittiness!

If you try these gluten-free brownies while warm, the buckwheat and teff versions do have something a little texturally weird going on but once they cool, it’s a thing of the past!

It’s a really flexible recipe. Just don’t go halving the sugar and then complain that they came out cakey. ;)

I’ve made these brownies (seriously the best gluten-free brownie recipe ever!) so many times to bring to picnics and other get-togethers. Nobody ever even knows they’re gluten-free! Seriously. You can’t go wrong with this recipe. :)

Need convincing? Check out the reviews below!

The Best Gluten-free Fudgy Brownies (dairy-free, whole grain)

Rated 5.0 by 58 readers
The Best Gluten-free Brownies – Super Fudgy and Dairy-free
  • Prep Time:
  • Cook Time:
  • Ready in:
  • Yield: 12 brownies


  • 1 cup (158 grams) teff flour or 1 cup (125 grams) buckwheat flour1 or1 cup (138 grams) Bob's Red Mill Gluten-Free 1-to-1 Baking Flour or 1 cup (125 grams) whole wheat flour for a non-GF version
  • 3/4 cup (86 grams) Dutch-process cocoa powder, sifted if lumpy (you could also use Hershey's Special Dark cocoa powder)
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 3/4 cup + 2 tablespoons (196 grams) unsalted butter or coconut oil, melted and cooled slightly (use coconut oil for a dairy-free version)
  • 1 1/2 cups (300 grams) granulated sugar, raw sugar, or coconut sugar
  • 1 tablespoon vanilla extract
  • 3 large eggs, room temperature
  • 3/4 cup (128 grams) semi-sweet chocolate chips (use dairy-free chocolate chips for a dairy-free version) + an additional 1/4 cup (43 grams) to sprinkle on top, if desired (I used mini chocolate chips on top)


  1. Preheat the oven to 350 °F (175 °C) and line an 8"×8" (20cmx20cm) pan with parchment paper.
  2. In a medium mixing bowl, stir together the flour, cocoa powder, and salt. Set aside.
  3. In a large mixing bowl, stir together the melted butter or coconut oil, sugar, and vanilla extract. Once combined, add the eggs one at a time, and stir just until combined.
  4. Add the dry mixture to the wet and stir just until almost no streaks of flour remain. Do not overmix! Fold in 3/4 cup (128 grams) chocolate chips.
  5. Pour the batter into the prepared pan and sprinkle the remaining 1/4 cup (43 grams) chocolate chips on top, if desired.
  6. If using teff flour, bake for 20-22 minutes or until the brownies have formed a thin crust and appear set in the middle. If using buckwheat or whole wheat, you may only need 15-20 minutes. A toothpick inserted into the center will come out wet. A toothpick inserted into the sides will come out with some moist crumbs on it, but not totally raw batter. The brownies will continue to bake as they sit in the pan and will firm up as they cool.
  7. Let cool completely and then cover and store at room temperature for up to 4 days. You can also refrigerate them to give them a fudgier texture.


  1. Buckwheat flour is naturally gluten-free but not all buckwheat flour is processed in a gluten-free facility. If you need these brownies to be gluten-free, make sure to use certified gluten-free buckwheat flour!

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398 comments on “The Best Gluten-free Brownies – Super Fudgy and Dairy-free” — Add one!

3 comments are awaiting moderation!

  • Kristen says
    January 2, 2020 @ 3:34 am

    Can you use almond or cashew flour?

    • Erin replies to Kristen
      January 4, 2020 @ 8:49 pm

      Unfortunately not. Just one of the 4 listed flours. I also have these coconut flour brownies you could check out.

    • Amy P replies to Kristen
      January 14, 2020 @ 5:26 am

      Hi! Will using rice flour work (red/brown/any) cause these are all I have now

      • Erin replies to Amy P
        January 19, 2020 @ 4:29 pm

        I’m sorry for just now seeing your question! I really don’t think rice flour would work. Only the flours I have listed. Sorry about that!

  • Angela says
    December 31, 2019 @ 2:08 am

    Just an FYI–doubling the recipe does not work. I just made a batch (butter version b/c allergic to coconut) for a NYE party and unfortunately the flavor is good, but they are dry and crumbly. :( Will have to re-make in a single batch.

    • Erin replies to Angela
      January 9, 2020 @ 1:47 pm

      Hmm. I’ve been doubling this recipe for years, using a 9×13 and they always work great for me! It sounds like you overbaked them. Sorry that it didn’t work well for you! I know how disappointing it is when something doesn’t work out.

  • Molly says
    December 29, 2019 @ 7:00 pm

    Hi! I’d love some advice as I’m having trouble with the baking times—I’ve made the brownies twice (using butter and gf flour for my celiac fiancé)—the first time in an 8×8 glass pan and I baked them at the recommended temperature and it took 45 min! Once they were finally done they were delicious. The second time in a slightly larger metal pan (and in fact a different oven, pre-heated of course) and I took them out after half an hour worried that they’d dry out—and the brownies were so wet that they scooped rather than cut. I’m putting them in the fridge in frantic hopes I can nudge them into squares before a dinner party! But it’s frustrating as I can’t think what went wrong. Any suggestions? How are everyone else’s done after 20 min and mine are still liquid?

    • Erin replies to Molly
      December 30, 2019 @ 12:38 pm

      Hello! I have a few ideas. What gluten-free flour did you use? I’ve only tested this recipe with the ones listed. If you use something else, that could explain the problem. All GF flour mixes don’t work the same. My other idea is – have you ever baked fudgy brownies before? It can be confusing because when you take them out of the oven and dig in, they won’t look baked like cake. They’ll still just look like goo (but not so liquid that it moves around when you tilt the pan). The top will look like in the pictures and shouldn’t be liquid. It sounds like you may not be letting them cool before cutting them like the recipe says? But I’m just guessing! If not, take a look at the last two steps again. :) I hope that they worked out well!

  • Michelle L says
    December 23, 2019 @ 4:53 pm

    Made these for the first time last night and my entire family LOVED them!!! My husband said they are probably the best brownies I’ve ever made (and I make a damn good brownie 😂). Thank you for sharing such a great recipe!!!

    • Michelle L replies to Michelle L
      December 23, 2019 @ 4:55 pm

      And I used an entire bag of mini chocolate chips🙄

    • Erin replies to Michelle L
      December 30, 2019 @ 12:43 pm

      Haha, yay! Always glad to hear that. :D You’re welcome and thank you for your nice comment!

  • says
    December 19, 2019 @ 6:27 pm

    Huge fan of this recipe. Turns out great brownies. Have you tried them with an egg replacer? Need a good egg free version

    • Erin replies to
      December 19, 2019 @ 7:29 pm

      I have and failed! :/ Brownies are hard to make egg-free. I recommend finding a vegan recipe! Sorry that I don’t have one yet. I’m glad you like them with eggs, though!

  • Michelle says
    December 18, 2019 @ 4:10 pm

    Here’s a tip: don’t be a big dummy like me and use PAM cooking spray after you’ve just spent all your time making this wonderful recipe!

    • Erin replies to Michelle
      December 20, 2019 @ 12:20 pm

      Was it an oily mess? Parchment paper is definitely always best for brownies! Thanks for the tip. :)

  • Kari - Get Inspired Everyday!
    December 9, 2019 @ 5:01 pm

    These definitely look ‘next level’ fudgy! Also I’ve never used Teff flour before, but I’m really looking forward to trying it out, the texture of these brownies looks amazing!

  • Carol Little R.H. @studiobotanica
    December 9, 2019 @ 4:04 am

    I would love to try this recipe. SO many great comments and happy results. i will look for the teff locally.

  • Donny
    December 5, 2019 @ 11:12 pm

    Is licking the screen part of the recipe? Because I’m about to do just that.

    • Erin replies to Donny
      December 14, 2019 @ 8:37 pm

      Haha. Darn! I forgot that one step. :D Thanks for pointing that out!

  • Jessica
    December 5, 2019 @ 6:52 pm

    These look like a great mix between cakey and fudgy texture. Well done!

  • Jean
    December 4, 2019 @ 5:31 am

    Yummm soo fudgy and delicious! Brownies are my favorite.

    • Erin replies to Jean
      December 12, 2019 @ 11:24 am

      Same here!

  • Heather Harris
    December 4, 2019 @ 3:01 am

    These look so good and I agree with Laura about the coconut. I can’t believe I never thought to put coconut on my brownies!

  • Cathy
    December 3, 2019 @ 3:46 pm

    I love that these can be not only gluten and dairy free but also very easy to make! Thank you for this delicious recipe!

    • Erin replies to Cathy
      December 12, 2019 @ 11:19 am

      I’m so glad you liked them! Thanks for your comment. :)

  • Carina
    December 3, 2019 @ 3:17 pm

    oooo, look at these gorgeous brownies!! They look utterly delicious and gluten-free too!

    • Erin replies to Carina
      December 12, 2019 @ 11:18 am

      Thanks so much! :)

  • LYM says
    November 30, 2019 @ 2:48 am

    Best brownies ever! I just made these and had to stop myself from eating the whole batch. You would never guess they were gluten free. I used bob’s red mill. Thanks so much for sharing.

    • Erin replies to LYM
      December 12, 2019 @ 10:45 am

      I’m so sorry for just now seeing your comment! I’m really happy that you liked the brownies so much and that they worked well with the Bob’s mix. :) Thanks for your feedback and sorry again!

  • Elly says
    November 24, 2019 @ 11:32 pm

    Can these be frozen? If not how far in advance of Thanksgiving could they be made and still be fresh tasting?

    • Erin replies to Elly
      November 25, 2019 @ 10:36 am

      They freeze great!

  • Paris Williams says
    November 11, 2019 @ 9:15 am

    Everyone love’s these brownies just wondering on the calorie count

  • Jessica Emerson says
    October 25, 2019 @ 6:54 pm

    how long should I cook the brownies using Bob’s red mill 1-1 flour??

    • Erin replies to Jessica Emerson
      November 11, 2019 @ 8:29 pm

      I’m so sorry for just now seeing your question! You should bake them for 15-20 minutes.

  • Cortney says
    October 14, 2019 @ 7:01 pm

    Could you double the recipe for a 9×13 pan? Thank you!

    • Erin replies to Cortney
      October 15, 2019 @ 7:28 pm

      You can! I don’t remember the baking time but it’s not that much more than for the 8×8.

  • Kim Evans says
    September 29, 2019 @ 1:15 am

    Hi Could I use powdered Aquafaba in place of the eggs if so how much?

    • Erin replies to Kim Evans
      September 30, 2019 @ 12:09 pm

      Sorry I didn’t answer your other comment immediately! I wouldn’t recommend aquafaba, either. :( Egg subs are too difficult in brownie recipes. Sorry again!

  • Kim Evans says
    September 27, 2019 @ 10:42 pm

    what would be a good sub for eggs. I can’t have eggs in any form. Also no soy or apple sauce.Thanks

    • Erin replies to Kim Evans
      September 30, 2019 @ 12:05 pm

      There are too many eggs in this recipe to sub. It’d be best to find a vegan recipe. Sorry about that!

  • Jes
    September 14, 2019 @ 1:19 am

    Ah.mazing. Made them dairy free with Myokos cultured vegan butter and ate half the pan basically immediately 😂 These will definitely be high on my list of treats. And so very easy to make.

    • Erin replies to Jes
      September 16, 2019 @ 8:47 pm

      Haha. I’m the same way! So I can’t make these often. ;) It’s good to know that that vegan butter works! Thanks for the tip. :) I’m so glad you enjoyed them!

  • Sheree
    September 4, 2019 @ 3:53 am

    These are so good and fudgy! I used pillsbury gluten free flour and also truvia cane sugar blend. They don’t taste like they are gluten free! These are the 1st gf brownies we have tried that are not grainy or crumbly.I also refrigerated them and they are so good cold!! Thank you, this is a keeper!

    • Erin replies to Sheree
      September 16, 2019 @ 8:11 pm

      I’m so sorry for just now seeing your comment! It somehow got mixed in with the spam. Thanks for the tip on Pillsbury GF flour! It’s good to know that they came out well with that. Same with Truvia! Thanks a bunch for your feedback and sorry again for the slow reply.

  • Lindsay
    August 24, 2019 @ 4:59 am

    These brownies are amazing! I have made them many times, and I always get so many compliments on them. Thank you so much for sharing this recipe!

    • Erin replies to Lindsay
      September 6, 2019 @ 8:02 pm

      You’re welcome! I’m so glad that you liked them. :) Thanks for your feedback and sorry for my slow reply (I just got back from vacation!).

  • nic says
    July 14, 2019 @ 5:56 am

    I use this recipe with regular flour (a cup and quarter), and people go nuts over these brownies. I have people begging for the recipe. Definitely a winner you got here!

    • Erin replies to nic
      July 15, 2019 @ 1:03 pm

      I’m glad that you enjoy them and that they work well for you with AP flour! Thanks for your comment. :)

  • Leanne Rioux says
    July 12, 2019 @ 12:28 am

    Could I use Becel vegan margarine for a dairy free version?

    • Erin replies to Leanne Rioux
      July 15, 2019 @ 12:59 pm

      I haven’t tried it but if it’s a 1:1 butter sub, it should work!

  • Anthea says
    July 6, 2019 @ 4:23 am

    Wow sounds delicious! Do you think they’d still turn out ok with less sugar?

    • Erin replies to Anthea
      July 10, 2019 @ 8:36 pm

      I tried it but it somehow made them a bit oily. It was years ago, though, so I don’t remember the exact details. Perhaps try reducing it by 1/4 cup?

  • Kelly
    June 27, 2019 @ 9:37 pm

    I make these brownies multiple times a year. Love that they are dairy and gluten free. I usually make them with buckwheat but it turns out last night I was out of buckwheat but I had teff, so I used the teff flour instead. I think they are better with teff than the buckwheat but both are great and I got lots of compliments! Thanks!

    • Erin replies to Kelly
      July 3, 2019 @ 8:46 pm

      Hello again! :D It’s kind of sad but it’s been so long since I’ve made the teff and buckwheat versions that I don’t remember any difference. But now I’m intrigued and want to compare them! Thanks for your comment. :)

  • Innocent Spector says
    June 18, 2019 @ 6:16 am

    Wonderful..I used half gluten free bisqick..& half king author gluten free flour as well as enjoy like dairy, soy, gluten, corn free chocolate chunks..I love these😍 I have a pan in the oven this very moment!❤❤❤❤❤

    • Erin replies to Innocent Spector
      June 18, 2019 @ 7:46 pm

      Oooh, interesting! I hadn’t heard of GF Bisquick. Thanks for sharing your version! :) I’m so glad you liked them.

  • Charis Rolls
    June 3, 2019 @ 2:34 pm

    I can’t believe these are gluten and dairy free! Best brownies I’ve ever baked!

    • Erin replies to Charis Rolls
      June 7, 2019 @ 12:53 pm

      Yay! I’m thrilled that you think they’re the best. :) Thanks for your comment!

  • Andrea
    May 23, 2019 @ 4:10 pm

    Hi there! I LOVVVVE these brownies!! I make them often with just regular all-purpose flour, and they turn out perfect every time:) Just curious if there is a possibility to adapt this recipe into cookies, and if so, how? Thanks for your time!

    • Erin replies to Andrea
      May 27, 2019 @ 12:59 pm

      I’m so happy that you like them! There’s not a way to transform them into cookies without reworking the entire recipe. :( Sorry about that!

  • L E says
    May 21, 2019 @ 7:26 pm

    That’s a lot of sugar. Does this work with honey or maple syrup instead?


    • Erin replies to L E
      May 23, 2019 @ 1:03 pm

      No, sorry. You’d be adding a lot of liquid.

  • Emilie
    May 13, 2019 @ 3:42 pm

    LOVED these! Zero detection that they were gluten free. I made them with Bob’s Red Mill 1:1 gf flour and they did need about 30 minutes but they were so perfect-dense and fudgy inside and crispy outside and so rich. Thanks for a great recipe!!!

    • Erin replies to Emilie
      May 19, 2019 @ 8:02 pm

      Hello and sorry for just now seeing your comment! I love that flour and it’s great that the brownies worked well with it. :) Thanks for sharing your feedback! I’m so glad you enjoyed them.

  • Alex says
    May 8, 2019 @ 12:05 pm

    Is there no raising agent in the flours? I’m looking for U.K. versions and don’t want to get it wrong

    • Erin replies to Alex
      May 8, 2019 @ 2:01 pm

      No raising agents in the flour. :)

    • Ginger Kline replies to Alex
      May 12, 2019 @ 7:15 pm

      Most of the brownie recipes I have use no leavening. I have added a small amount of baking powder, which made the brownies cake like and a bit dry.

  • Rose says
    May 7, 2019 @ 11:05 am

    I just want to say bless your dear soul for including all the measurements in grams/cm/Celsius!
    It is such a relief.. Thanks again dearie! And the recipe is just amazing.. Love live love it.. Keep up your good work:-)
    Hugs and smiles from Sweden

    • Erin replies to Rose
      May 13, 2019 @ 8:25 pm

      You’re welcome! I hope you’ll enjoy the brownies. Puss och kram från Tyskland. ;) Sorry for just now seeing your comment!

  • Frankie Jones says
    April 6, 2019 @ 4:56 am

    This is actually the best gf and df receipe I’ve ever tried. I found it last year and have been making them ever since!! Everytime I take them into work even the “normal” people love them and can’t believe they are dairy and gluten free. This recipe made the dietary outcasts feel like they were eating normal food. Seriously I love you. And I love this recipe.

    • Erin replies to Frankie Jones
      April 9, 2019 @ 8:11 pm

      Aww! I was thrilled to read how much you and the “dietary outcasts” enjoyed the brownies. :) Your comment made my day! Thanks so much for your comment. :)

  • Laura says
    April 1, 2019 @ 2:35 am

    So tasty! We added a cup of unsweetened coconut flakes! So yummy!

    • Erin replies to Laura
      April 3, 2019 @ 7:46 pm

      That sounds like a yummy addition! Thanks for your comment. :) I’m happy you enjoyed them!


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